Frame Element Taxonomy

Frame Element Description

Frame Element Description
Frame ElementManner
Identifier0000001095
ParentDescriptor
Number of Definitions578
Number of Children1
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Definitions of Manner
FrameTypeDefinition
AbandonmentPThe style in which the Agent gives up the Theme .
Absorb_heatPAny description of the cooking event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
AbusingPManner is used for any description of the abuse event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Abuser that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
AccomplishmentPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Achieving_firstPAny description of the creative event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Cognizer that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ActivityPAny description of the activity which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Activity_finishPThis FE identifies the Manner an Agent is engaged in finishing an Activity .
Activity_ongoingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent performs an ongoing Activity .
Activity_pausePThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent pauses during the course of an Activity .
Activity_preparePThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent prepares for an Activity .
Activity_resumePAny description of the Activity which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also mark indications of salient characteristics of the Agent which affect the Activity .
Activity_startPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent starts an Activity .
Activity_stopPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Agent stops the Activity .
Adding_upPA holistic description of the event (e.g. "the same way"), including depictions of the Cognizer in terms of how the Cognizer 's state affects the entire action.
AdducingPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In agentive frames, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
AdjustingPAny description of the adjustment act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Adopt_selectionPA description of the adoption of a position which is not classified under more specific descriptions, including comparisons to other events ( similarly ), rates of adoption ( slowly ), and descriptions of the Agent which also influence the action ( eagerly ).
AgingPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force ( hard , softly ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In agentive frames, it may indicate salient characteristics of an intentional Theme that affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
Agree_or_refuse_to_actPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Speaker that affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly ).
AgriculturePThe Manner in which the Agriculturist cultivates Food .
AimingPAny generalized description of the details of the event in terms of comparison to another event or what would be expected of the details given some state of the Agent .
AmalgamationPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). In this frame, it is also deemed to include modification indicating the speed of the event.
AmassingPA description of the Amassing which is not covered by more specific FEs. It includes such specifications as comparisons to other events ( similarly ), rates of acquisition ( slowly ), and descriptions of the Recipient which also influence the action ( eagerly ).
AnnoyancePAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Apply_heatPAny description of the cooking event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Cook that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
AppointingPThis FE is used for the Manner of performing an action.
ArraignmentPAny description of the arraignment which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (openly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Judge that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
ArrangingPAny description of the arranging action which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). With agentive use, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( eagerly, carefully).
ArrestPAny description of the arresting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Authorities that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ArrivingPA Manner expression describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
ArsonPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an action is performed.
AssemblePAny description of the assembling which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Individuals or Group that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, eagerly, carefully ).
AssessingPAny secondary effect of the action or characterization of the Assessor which saliently affects the character of the assessment.
AssistancePThis FE identifies the Manner in which a Helper assists a Benefited_party .
AtonementPAny description of the atonement which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
AttachingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent intentionally affects an Item or Items .
AttackPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Assailant that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
AttemptPThe Manner in which the Agent makes the attempt.
Attempt_distant_interaction_scenarioPThe Manner in which the Agent makes the attempt.
Attempt_meansPThe Manner in which the Agent makes the attempt.
Attempt_obtain_food_scenarioPThe Manner in which the Seeker makes the attempt for Food .
Attempt_suasionPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an action is performed.
AttendingPThe way in which the Agent went about going to the Event .
AttentionPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Perceiver that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
AvoidingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which avoiding occurs.
AwarenessPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Cognizer knows or thinks something.
Bail_decisionPAny description of the bail setting which is not covered by more specific FEs, including, secondary effects (openly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Judge that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Be_in_agreement_on_actionPAny description of the agreement not specified by the other FEs, including particularly salient characteristics of the parties.
Be_in_agreement_on_assessmentPThis FE is for descriptions of the agreement state not covered by more specific FEs, especially characterizations of the state as a whole or of one of the Cognizers or Cognizer_1 .
Be_in_controlPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Controlling_entity that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Be_subset_ofPAny description of the inclusion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Beat_opponentPAny description of the Winner or Loser which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Winner or Loser that also affect their action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Become_silentEThe manner in which the quietening occurs.
BecomingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In cases where the Entity is intentional, Manner may indicate salient characteristics of an intentional Entity that also affect the event ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Becoming_a_memberPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a New_member that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Becoming_awarePThis FE identifes the Manner in which becoming aware occurs.
Becoming_detachedPAny description of the detaching event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Becoming_dryPThe way in which the Entity becomes dry.
Becoming_separatedPManner of performing an action
Behind_the_scenesPThe Manner in which the Artist creates the Production .
Being_activePAny description of the Activity which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that affect the action ( presumptuously , deliberately ).
Being_attachedPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Item is in an attached state to a Goal , or two Items are attached to each other.
Being_awakePAny description of the Protagonist being awake which is not covered by more specific FEs including secondary effects (quietly, noisily), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Being_detachedPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Item is in an detached state relative to a Source , or two Items are detached from each other.
Being_employedPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Employee works for an Employee .
Being_in_categoryPThe Manner in which an Item (metaphorically) is construed as being in a Category .
Being_strongPThe way in which the Entity is strong.
BesiegingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Assailant that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
BirthPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Parents (or a Father or Mother ) that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Board_vehiclePThe Manner describes a property of the motion not related to its trajectory.
Body_movementPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the body movement occurs.
BraggingPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Speaker that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly).
Breaking_apartPAny description of the event or participants not covered by more specific Frame Elements.
Breaking_offPAny description of the event or participants not covered by more specific Frame Elements.
BreathingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent breathes.
BringingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Carrier or Agent carries the Theme .
BuildingPThis FE idenitifies the Manner in which an Agent builds a Created_entity .
BunglingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Agent bungles.
CandidnessPThis FE indicates the manner of candidness.
Carry_goodsPAny description of the storing of goods which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ) and salient characteristics of a Distributor that also affect the action ( deliberately , carefully ).
CatastrophePManner of performing an action
CategorizationPManner of performing an action
CausationPAny holistic description of the event, including overall depictions ( the same way ) and descriptions pertaining to the Actor 's influence on the character of the event ( eagerly, quietly ).
Cause_bodily_experiencePAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Cause_changePAny description of the event causing the change of the Entity which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Cause_change_of_consistencyPThe Manner in which the Undergoer 's consistency is changed.
Cause_change_of_phasePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Agent intentionally affects the Undergoer .
Cause_change_of_position_on_a_scalePAny description of the Agent changing the value of an Attribute which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Cause_change_of_strengthPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Cause_emotionPIn what way the Agent causes an emotion in the Experiencer .
Cause_expansionPThis FE identifies the Manner of performing an action.
Cause_fluidic_motionPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). With agentive uses, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Cause_harmPThe Manner in which the Agent acts upon the Victim .
Cause_impactPThe FE Manner identifies the manner in which an Agent intentionally affects a Impactee .
Cause_motionPThe FE Manner is any expression which describes a property of the motion of the Theme which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Cause_proliferation_in_numberPAny description of the Agent changing the number of the Set which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Cause_temperature_changePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Agent changes the temperature of the Item .
Cause_to_amalgamatePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the amalgamating occurs.
Cause_to_be_dryPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an the Agent dries the Dryee .
Cause_to_be_includedPThe manner in which the Agent acts.
Cause_to_be_sharpPThe manner in which the Agent changes the sharpness of the Patient .
Cause_to_be_wetPThis FE identifies the Manner or way in which the Agent wets the Undergoer .
Cause_to_continuePAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Cause_to_endPThe Manner of causing the Process to end.
Cause_to_experiencePThis Frame Element is for expressions that elaborate the manner in which the Agent affects the Experiencer .
Cause_to_fragmentPAny description of the fracturing which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Cause_to_make_noisePAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Cause_to_make_progressPA description of the progress, generally a description comparing events ( the same way ); in addition, it may describe characteristics and states of the Agent that also affect the development.
Cause_to_move_in_placePManner of performing an action
Cause_to_perceivePA description of the way in which the Agent presents the Phenomenon .
Cause_to_resumePA description of the manner in which the Agent causes the resumption of the Process .
Cause_to_rotPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Cause_to_startPThe way in which the Cause causes the Effect .
Cause_to_wakePAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Ceasing_to_bePThe way in which the Entity disappears.
CertaintyPThe FE Manner denotes the manner of the certainty or uncertainty.
Change_directionPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force ( hard , softly ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In agentive frames, it may indicate salient characteristics of an intentional Theme that affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
Change_event_durationPAny description of the event causing the change of the Event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Change_event_timePThe Manner is the way in which the time change takes place.
Change_of_consistencyPThe Manner in which the Undergoer changes consistency.
Change_of_leadershipPThis FE is used for the Manner of performing an action.
Change_of_phasePThe Manner in which the Undergoer changes phase.
Change_of_phase_scenarioPThe Manner in which the Undergoer changes phase.
Change_operational_statePAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force ( hard , softly ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In agentive uses, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
Change_position_on_a_scalePManner of performing an action
Change_posturePAny description of the change in posture which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Protagonist that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Change_resistancePAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Change_toolPAny description of the Agent 's change which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ChattingPAny description of the conversation which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Interlocutors (or Interlocutor_1 ) that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
ChoosingPAny description of the selecting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of a Cognizer that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
ClemencyPAny description of the act of clemency which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of an Executive_authority that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
ClosurePAny description of the closing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
CogitationPThe FE Manner indicates the way in which the cognizing is being done.
CollaborationPThis FE identifies the Manner in which Partner_1 collaborates with Partner_2 or in which the Partners collaborate.
Come_togetherPAny description of congregating which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Individuals or Configuration that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Coming_to_bePThe way in which the Entity comes to be.
Coming_to_believePManner of performing an action
Coming_up_withPA state of the Cognizer that directly and palpably influences the overall action.
Commerce_buyPAny description of the purchasing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Buyer that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Commerce_collectPAny description of the collection event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Seller that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Commerce_goods-transferPA description of the transfer not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Buyer , Seller , or Exchangers that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Commerce_money-transferPA description of the transfer not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Buyer , Seller , or Exchangers that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Commerce_payPAny description of the paying event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Buyer that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Commerce_scenarioPManner of performing an action
Commerce_sellPAny description of the selling event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Seller that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
CommitmentPThe Manner in which the commitment is made.
Committing_crimePA description of secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Perpetrator that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Communicate_categorizationPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Speaker that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
CommunicationPThe Manner in which the Communicator communicates.
Communication_mannerPManner of performing an action
Communication_meansPThis Frame Element is for expressions that elaborate the manner in which an action is carried out.
Communication_noisePManner describes the manner or style in which the Communication_noise is delivered.
Communication_responsePManner of performing an action
CommutationPAny description of the commutation which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of an Executive_authority that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
CompetitionPThe way the Participants compete.
ComplainingPAny description of the complaining event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Complainer that affect the action ( presumptuously , bitterly , vociferoursly ).
CompliancePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the compliance occurs.
ConductCThis FE marks expressions that characterize the way that the Agent behaves.
Confronting_problemPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ConqueringPThe manner in which the Conqueror takes over the Theme .
Container_focused_placingPThe Manner in which the filling occurs.
Container_focused_removingPThe Manner in which the Agent empties the Source .
ContritionEThe way in which the Experiencer or Expressor has contrition.
ControlPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Influencing_entity that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Convey_importancePAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, in particular secondary effects ( loudly ), general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ), and salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
Cooking_creationPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the cooking creation performed.
Corporal_punishmentPManner of performing an action
CorrectnessPThe way in which the Source is correct/incorrect.
Corroding_causedPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Cause corrodes the Undergoer .
CothemePPhrases marked with this frame element describe a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of the Theme 's motion. Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Court_examinationPThe manner in which the questioner examines the witness.
Create_physical_artworkPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Creator that also affect the action ( deliberately , carefully ).
Create_representationPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Creator that also affect the action ( deliberately , carefully ).
CreatingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which a Creator intentionally creates a new entity.
CurePManner of performing an action
CuttingPManner in which the Item is being cut into Pieces .
DamagingPAny description of the action of damaging which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
DaringPAny description of the risking action which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
DeathPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
DecidingEThe Manner in which the Cognizer makes a Decision
DefendPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Defender that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
DeliveryPAny description of the delivery event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Deliverer that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
DepartingPAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and many other things count as Manner expressions, though Speed and Means should be tagged using the more specific FE labels.
DesiringPThe way in which the Experiencer desires something.
DestroyingPAny description of the process of destruction which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Destroyer that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
DetachingPAny description of the detaching event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
DifferentiationPManner of performing an action
DiscussionPThis frame element marks phrases that expresss the Manner in which one or both of the Interlocutors communicate.
DisembarkingPThe Manner describes a property of the motion not related to its trajectory.
DispersalPAny description of the dispersing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). With agentive uses, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (eagerly, carefully).
DiversityPThis FE identifies the Manner in which Dimension is similar or different
DodgingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the dodging occurs.
Dominate_competitorPA description of the event as a whole, or of any of the participants that does not fit any of the other more specific Frame Elements.
Dominate_situationPA description of the event as a whole, or of any of the participants that does not fit any of the other more specific Frame Elements.
DominationPThe manner of the domination.
Dough_risingPAny description of the rising of the Dough which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
DressingPAny expression which describes a property of the donning event which is not directly related to the trajectory of the Clothing 's motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Drop_in_onPA Manner expression describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
DunkingPThe way that the Agent puts Theme in the Substance .
DuplicationPManner of performing an action
DyingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
Earnings_and_lossesPAny description of the action of earning which reveals correllated details, especially characterizations of the Earner which influence the event.
Education_teachingPManner of performing an action
Elusive_goalPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the goal is not achieved.
EmanatingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the emanating occurs.
EmittingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Source_emitter emits the Emission
Emotion_activePThe FE Manner indicates the manner in which the active emotion is expressed.
Emotion_directedPThe Manner is the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus .
Emotion_heatPManner of performing an action
EmotionsPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Emotions_by_possibilityPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Emotions_by_stimulusPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Emotions_of_mental_activityPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Emotions_success_or_failurePAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
EmployingPThe FE Manner identifies the way in which an Employer hires an Employee .
Employment_continuePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the relationship between an Employer and an Employee develops.
Employment_endPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an employment relationship between an Employer and an Employee ends.
Employment_startPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the employment relationship between an Employer and an Employee comes about.
EmptyingPThe Manner in which the Agent empties the Source .
EncodingCFor most of the words in this frame, some expression of Manner or Medium is obligatory. As in other frames, Manner expressions characterize the action (in this case, the speech act performed by the Speaker ). However, a wide range of Manner expressions occurs in this frame, including the following types:
EncounterPAny description of the unintentional meeting which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects and general descriptions comparing events In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Individuals or Group that also affect the action.
EndangeringPThe Manner describes an aspect of the endangering act that is not directly related to the cause, intermediate action, or entity involved.
EnforcingPThe Manner describes some state of the Agent , or provides additional characterization of the event.
EscapingPManner is used for any expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion, including descriptions of steadiness, grace, means of motion, etc.
EstimatingPManner is used for any expression which describes a property of the activity of Estimating
EvadingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the evading occurs. It is used for any expression that does not relate directly to the trajectory of motion, including speed, steadiness, and grace.
Evaluative_comparisonPNo Definition
EventPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
Event_in_historyPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Eventive_affectingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Eventive_cognizer_affectingPAny description which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
EvidencePThis FE identifies the manner in which a proposition is supported.
EvokingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including speed (quickly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). Other expressions involving how the experience affects the Cognizer may also be expressed (painfully).
ExaminationPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Examiner that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ExchangePAny description of the exchange act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of Exchanger_1 or Exchangers that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Exchange_currencyPAny description of the exchange event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Money_owner that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
ExcretingPThe Manner in which the Excreter engages in excretion.
Execute_planPThe Manner describes some state of the Agent , or provides additional characterization of the event of executing the plan.
ExecutionPAny description of the execution event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Moreover, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Executioner that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ExercisingPA general description of how the Agent acts while exercising.
Exhaust_resourcePAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ExpansionPThis FE is used for any description of the Manner of the expansion including force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
ExpectationPManner of performing an action
Experience_bodily_harmPManner in which the injury takes place.
Experiencer_focusPManner of performing an action
Experiencer_objPThe Manner in which the Stimulus affects the Experiencer .
ExpertisePThe Manner give further description of the way in which the Protagonist exhibits their skill or lack of skill.
Explaining_the_factsPThis FE indicates salient characteristics of the Fact considered as an explanation.
ExportingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Exporter that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Expressing_publiclyPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force ( hard , softly ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Communicator that also affect the action ( eagerly ).
ExtraditionPA description of the manner of the extradition.
Facial_expressionPManner of Expression .
Fairness_evaluationPA holistic characterization of the description of the Actor , including depictions of the Actor 's state in terms of how it affects the entire description.
FearPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
FeigningPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Fighting_activityPThe manner of the Fight .
FillingPThe Manner in which the filling occurs.
FiningPA description of the event (or state) not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Speaker that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Finish_competitionPAny description of the Competition which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Competitor that also affect their action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Finish_gamePAny description of the Game which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Player that also affect their action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
FiringPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Employer fires an Employee .
FleeingPAn expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory or rate of motion. Descriptions of steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Fluidic_motionPThe Manner in which the Fluid flows.
Food_gatheringPThe Manner in which the Gatherer gathers the Crop .
ForgingPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ForgoingPThis FE identifies the Manner the forgoing occurs.
Forming_relationshipsPAny description of the event including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Partner_1 or Partners that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Fragmentation_scenarioPManner of performing an action
FrictionPThe way in which the Theme moves against the Static_object
Front_forPAny description of the similarity of the event to some other event, particularly descriptions of the Front that also affect the details of the action.
Gathering_upPThe way in which the Individuals are gathered up.
GesturePManner of performing an action
Get_a_jobPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Employee enters an employment relationship with an Employer .
GettingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent intentionally acts.
Getting_underwayPA Manner expression describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Getting_upPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ), secondary effects ( quietly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Protagonist that affect the action ( eagerly , carefully ).
Getting_vehicle_underwayPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Driver that affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
GivingPThe Manner is the manner in which the Donor gives the Theme to the Recipient .
Giving_inPAny description of the Giving_in which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Capitulator that affect the action ( reluctantly , meekly ).
Giving_scenarioPThe Manner is the manner in which the Donor gives the Theme to the Recipient .
Go_into_shapePAny description of the shape-changing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
Going_back_on_a_commitmentPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, secondary effects ( quietly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Protagonist that also affect the action ( coldly ).
Grant_permissionPAny description of the allowing which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Grantor that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
GraspPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate the relative ease of the Cognizer in acquiring new knowledge (readily, easily).
GrindingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Grinder grinds the Undergoer .
GroomingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Agent intentionally acts.
Growing_foodPThe Manner in which the Grower grows Food .
Guest_and_hostPManner of performing an action
HaltPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Theme stops motion.
Health_responsePManner describes the way (or style) in which the Protagonist Health_response manifests itself.
HeraldingPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Communicator that also affect the heralding ( eagerly, carefully ).
Hiding_objectsPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
HinderingPThe manner in which hindering occurs
HiringPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Employer hires an Employee . .
Historic_eventPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Hit_or_missEAny description of how the details of the event compare to others, either generally ( the same way ), or in terms of a state of the Agent which influences the event ( carelessly ).
Hit_targetPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Holding_off_onPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the temporary forgoing occurs.
HospitalityPThe Manner is the way in which the Host embodies the characters of a good or poor host.
Hostile_encounterPAny expression which describes a property of the hostile encounter. Descriptions of the intensity count as Manner expressions. After Brundle's Jaguar took off like a scalded cat, it was Mass who hunted it down, an soon engaged it in a lurid battle .
HuntingPThe Manner in which the Hunter makes the attempt for Food .
Hunting_scenarioPThe Manner in which the Hunter makes the attempt for Food .
Hunting_success_or_failurePThe Manner in which the Hunter obtains the Food .
ImitatingPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( eagerly , carefully ).
ImmobilizationPAny description of the immobilizing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). This FE also covers expressions that indicate salient characteristics of the Agent which also affect the action (carefully, eagerly).
ImpactPManner of performing an action
Import_exportPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
ImportingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Importer that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Imposing_obligationPAny holistic description of the details of the action, either comparing to another event or describing the action in terms of characteristics of the Obligator that affect the action holistically.
ImprisonmentPAny description of the imprisoning event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Authorities that affect the action ( ruthlessly ).
Inchoative_attachingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Item comes to be attached to a Goal .
Inchoative_change_of_temperaturePThe manner in which the Item changes temperature.
InclusionPAny description of the inclusion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Inclusion_scenarioPAny description of the inclusion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
IndicatingPThe Manner in which the Communicator makes the indication.
Influence_of_event_on_cognizerPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Ingest_substancePThe Manner in which the Ingestor ingests the Substance .
IngestionPManner of performing an action.
Inhibit_movementPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
InspectingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Inspector scrutinizes the Ground .
InstallingPAny description of the installation event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that affect the action ( deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
InstitutionalizationPAny description of the institutionalization event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Authority that affect the action ( ruthlessly ).
Intentional_traversingPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force ( hard , softly ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of a Self_mover that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
Intentionally_actPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Intentionally_affectPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Intentionally_createPAny description of the creation event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Creator that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
InterceptingPAny description of the Intercepting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate also salient characteristics of the Interceptor that also affect the action ( carefully ).
Interrupt_processPAny holistic description of the event, including overall depictions ( the same way ) and descriptions pertaining to the Actor or Cause 's influence on the character of the event.
IntoxicationPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Cognizer is intoxicated.
InvadingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Invader that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Invasion_scenarioPThe manner in which the Invader takes over the Attacked .
JudgmentPThis FE identifies the Manner of judging.
Judgment_communicationPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the judgmental communication occurs.
Judgment_direct_addressPThe Manner is the way in which the judgment is communicated.
Just_found_outPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
KidnappingPManner in which the kidnapping takes place.
KillingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of a Killer that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Knot_creationPManner of performing an action
Knot_creation_scenarioPManner in which the manipulation of the Rope takes place.
Launch_processPThe way in which the Agent initiates the Process .
LeadershipPManner refers to the style/way in which the leadership is asserted.
Light_movementPManner of performing an action
Lively_placePThe way in which the Individuals or Location is engaging in the Activity .
Location_of_lightPManner of Light emission.
Losing_itPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, especially general descriptions comparing events.
Make_agreement_on_actionPAny description of the act of making an agreement which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of either Party_1 or Parties that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Make_noisePManner expressions may be of lexicographic interest if they describe properties of a sounds as such: loudly , shrilly , etc.
Make_possible_to_doPThe way in which the Enablement makes the Enabled_action possible.
Making_facesPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Manipulate_into_doingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including metaphorical force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Manipulator that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Manipulate_into_shapePThe Manner in which the manipulation of the Theme takes place.
ManipulationPManner of performing an action
ManufacturingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which a Manufacturer creates a Product .
Mass_motionPAny description of the motion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Mass_theme that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully)
Meet_specificationsPThe Manner in which the Agent or Entity become sufficient in regards to the Standard .
Meet_withPAny description of the meeting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of Party_1 or Party_2 .
Meet_with_responsePA characterization of the Response action.
MembershipPAny description of the inclusion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
MemorizationPAny description of the memorization event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Cognizer that affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
MemoryPManner of performing an action
Mental_activityPAny description of the cognitive act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Sentient_entity that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Mental_propertyPManner refers to the method or way in which the Mental_property is attributed to the Protagonist .
Mental_stimulus_exp_focusPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Mental_stimulus_stimulus_focusPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the Stimulus which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
MentionPThe Manner in which the Communicator communicates.
MisdeedPAny description of the Misdeed which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Wrongdoer that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
MotionPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Motion takes place.
Motion_directionalPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Motion takes place.
Motion_noisePThe Manner is the way in which the Motion takes place.
Moving_in_placePThe Manner describes the way in which the Theme moves in place.
Name_conferralPManner of performing an action
Nuclear_processPAny description of the Change event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
Objective_influencePAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force (hard, softly), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Influencing_entity that also affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
OfferingPThe Manner is the manner in which the Offerer offers the Theme to the Potential_recipient .
Operate_vehiclePAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Operating_a_systemPAny description of the running of the System which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Operator that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Operational_testingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Tester uses the Product in order to evaluate its functioning.
OpinionPAny description of how the Cognizer holds an opinion which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quiet(ly) ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Cognizer that also affect their thinking ( presumptuous(ly), cold(ly) ).
Others_situation_as_stimulusPAny description of the way in which the Experiencer experiences the feelings of the Other which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). Manner may also describe a state of the Experiencer that affects the details of the emotional experience.
Out_of_existenceEThe way in which the Entity disappears.
PardonPAny description of the act of pardon which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ) and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of an Authority that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
PartialityPThe Manner is the way in which the Decision_maker embodies the bias associated with him or her.
ParticipationPAny description of the Event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). When the Participants are understood agentively frames, it may indicate salient characteristics of them that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly).
PassingPThe FE Manner is any expression which describes a property of the motion of the Theme which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Passing_offPAny description of the passing off event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events (the same way) and salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately , eagerly ).
Path_shapePAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of the kind of motion a hypothetical mover would have (including steadiness, grace, and general comparisons) count as Manner expressions.
Perception_activePManner expressions may be of lexicographic interest if they describe properties of active perception as such: closely , carefully , etc.
Perception_bodyPManner of performing an action
Perception_experiencePManner expressions may be of lexicographic interest if they describe properties of perception as such: clearly , loudly , etc.
Performers_and_rolesPManner of performing.
Personal_relationshipPManner of performing an action
PiracyPManner of performing an action
Place_weight_onPAny further description of the Agent 's placing of importance on the Consideration .
PlacingPAny expression which describes a property of the placing action which is not directly related to the trajectory of the Theme 's motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Placing_scenarioPThe Manner in which the filling occurs.
PlantingPThe Manner in which the Agent plants the Theme .
Posing_asPAny description of the posing event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events (the same way) and salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately , eagerly ).
PossessionPThe way that the Owner possesses the Possession .
Post_gettingPThe way that the Recipient has the Theme
Post_givingPThe way that the Donor lacks the Theme .
Post_lose_possessionPAny description of the possession state which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Post_receivingPThe way that the Recipient has the Theme
Post_transferPThe way that the Donor possesses the Theme .
PosturePAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
PracticePAny description of the practicing which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the Action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Pre_gettingPA description of the way that the Recipient has the Theme
Pre_givingPThe way that the Donor possesses the Theme .
Pre_lose_possessionPAny description of the possession state which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Pre_receivingPA description of the way that the Recipient has the Theme .
Pre_transferPThe way that the Recipient or Donor possesses the Theme .
PrecipitationPThe way in which the precipitation falls.
PredictingPManner marks any description of the Speaker 's prediction making that is not covered by more specific FEs. Note that this FE does not cover modifiers such as 'correctly' or 'accurately'.
PreferencePThe way in which the Experiencer desires something.
PreservingPThe Manner in which the Agent preserves the Undergoer .
ProcessPManner of performing an action
Process_continuePManner in which the Event is continuing.
Process_endPManner of performing the event.
Process_pausePManner of performing an action.
Process_resumePAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Process_startPManner in which an action is performed.
Process_stopPManner of performing an action.
Processing_materialsPA holistic description encompassing all the details of an act of processing, often indicated by giving a characteristic of the Agent that affects the action.
Product_deliveryPAny description of the delivery event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Deliverer that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ProgressPA description of the progress, generally a description comparing events ( the same way ).
ProjectPA description of the manner in which the Agent performs the Activity associated with the program.
Proliferating_in_numberPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ).
ProtectingPAny description of the protecting event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including force ( hard , softly ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). In cases of agentive Protection , it may indicate salient characteristics of an agent that also affect the action ( carefully ).
Provide_lodgingPAny description of the provision of lodging which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Host that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Punctual_perceptionPAny description of properties of perception, such as: clearly , loudly , etc.
QuarrelingPA description of the dispute which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Arguers that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
QuestioningPManner of performing an action
QuittingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which an Employee leaves the job.
Quitting_a_placePAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
RapePManner of performing an action
RatificationPAny description of the allowing which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Ratifier that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ReadingPManner of performing an action
Reading_aloudCThe way that the Speaker produces the Speech.
ReasoningPThis FE identifes the Manner in which an Arguer argues.
ReassuringPThe Manner in which the Speaker reassures the Experiencer .
ReceivingPThe character of the Recipient which saliently affects the action, or a general description of the action itself.
RecordingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
RecoveryPManner of performing an action
RedirectingPAny description of the redirection which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of the Agent that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Reforming_a_systemPAny description of the event causing the change of the Entity which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly ), general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ), and salient characteristics of the Agent that also affect the action ( carefully ).
RegardPAny description of the Cognizer 's judgment which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions of events ( the same way, presumptuously, secretly ).
RejuvenationPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Relative_timePManner of performing an action
ReleasingPAny description of the release which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Releasing_from_custodyPThe Manner is the way in which the Authorities release the Suspect .
Religious_beliefPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Believer knows or thinks something.
Remembering_experiencePAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Cognizer that affect the action (fondly).
RemovingPAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Removing_scenarioPThe Manner in which the Agent empties the Source .
Render_nonfunctionalPA holistic description of the event (e.g. the same way ), including depictions of the Agent in terms of how the state of the Agent affects the overall action (e.g maliciously ).
RentingPAny description of the purchasing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Lessee that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Renting_outPAny description of the renting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Lessor that affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
RenunciationPAny description of the renunciation which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Speaker that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
ReparationPManner marks any description of the Wrongdoer 's making of reparations not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification, (e.g. probably ), and general descriptions comparing events (e.g. the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of a Wrongdoer that also affect the action ( e.g. presumptuously ).
RepaymentPHow the Debtor gives Money to the Loaner .
RepelPThe manner in which the Defender repels the Enemy .
ReplacingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics or states of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully ).
RequestPManner indicates the manner in which the Message is delivered.
ResearchPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Researcher that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
ReshapingPThe FE Manner identifies the manner in which an Deformer intentionally affects the Undergoer .
ResidencePManner of performing an action
Resolve_problemPAny description of the resolution, such as secondary effects ( quietly ) or comparisons of events ( the same way ). In agentive cases, Manner may also describe salient characteristics of the Agent which affect the action. ( carefully , dilligently , deliberately etc. )
Respond_to_proposalPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Speaker that affect the action ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly ).
ResponsePA characterization of the Responding_entity , Agent , or their Response action.
Response_scenarioPA characterization of the Responding_entity , Agent , or their Response action.
Reveal_secretPAny description of the revelation which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ), secondary effects ( quietly , loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Speaker that also affect the revelation ( presumptuously , coldly , deliberately , eagerly , carefully , maliciously ).
RevengePThis frame element refers to the Manner in which the Avenger exacts their revenge from the Offender .
Rewards_and_punishmentsPManner of performing the reward or punishment.
Ride_vehiclePThe Manner describes a property of the motion not related to its trajectory.
Rising_to_a_challengePAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably , mysteriously ), general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Protagonist that also affect the action ( eagerly ).
RitePManner of performing the rite
RobberyPThe Manner describes the way in which the Robbery took place.
Rope_manipulationPManner in which the manipulation of the Rope takes place.
RottingPAny description of the Rotting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (horribly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Ruling_legallyPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Authority acts.
SatisfyingPThe Manner in which the Standard is satisfied.
ScouringPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Searcher scrutinizes the Ground .
Scrutinizing_forPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Cognizer scrutinizes the Ground .
ScrutinyPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Cognizer scrutinizes the Ground .
Searching_scenarioPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Cognizer scrutinizes the Ground .
SeekingPManner of performing an action
Seeking_to_achievePThe Manner in which the Agent makes the attempt.
Self_motionPAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory or rate of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
SendingPManner of performing an action
SeparatingPManner of performing an action
Set_relationPAny description of the inclusion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Setting_firePAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Kindler that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Setting_outPAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Shoot_projectilesPManner of performing an action
Shooting_scenarioPManner of performing an action
ShoppingPThe Manner in which the shopping action is done.
Sidereal_appearancePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the motion of the Astronomical_entity takes place. It covers any description of the appearance which is not covered by more specific FEs such as Speed , including general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ), and aesthetic judgements of the event .
Sign_agreementPAny description of the event (or state) which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably , presumably ), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Signatory that also affect the action ( happily , eagerly ).
SilencingPAny description of the silencing event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
SimilarityPThis FE identifies the Manner in which Dimension is similar or different
SleepPAny description of the sleeping event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, noisily), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
SmugglingPA description of the Event not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In most cases, it indicates salient characteristics of a Perpetrator that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
SoakingPThe Manner in which the Agent soaks the Theme .
Soaking_upPThe way in which the Item soaks in the Substance .
SociabilityPManner of performing an action
Social_eventPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Social_event occurs.
Social_event_collectivePThis FE identifies the Manner in which the social event occurs.
Social_event_individualsPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the social event occurs.
Social_interaction_evaluationPThe Manner is the way in which the Evaluee embodies the characteristic ascribed to her or him.
Socially_significant_history_scenarioPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Sound_movementPThe Manner in which the Sound moves.
SoundsPCertain properties of the sound relating to its production, loudness, etc may be of lexicographic interest if they describe properties of a sounds as such: loudly, shrilly, etc.
Speak_on_topicPThe Manner is a description of the Speaker 's speech.
Spelling_and_pronouncingCThe way that the Speaker produces the Formal_realization .
Stage_of_progressPA description of the stage of progress, frequently an evaluation.
StatementPManner of performing an action
StinginessPA characterization of the way in which the Resource_controller exhibits stinginess.
StoringPAny description of the storing state which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ) and salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately , carefully ).
StrictnessPThe Manner is the way in which the Agent embodies the strictness associated with him or her.
StudyingPThe manner of studying that the Student has.
SuasionPThe way in which the Speaker suades the Addressee .
Submitting_documentsPThe Manner is the manner in which the Submittor gives the Documents to the Authority .
SubversionPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Counter_actor that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Successfully_communicate_messagePThe Manner in which the Communicator communicates.
SummarizingPAny description of the details of the action beyond the identity of the participants and the setting, especially descriptions of the Communicator that affect the action.
SupplyPAny description of the supplying event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Supplier that affect the action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
SupportingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which a Supporter supports the Supported . .
SurrenderingPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Fugitive surrenders to the Authorities .
Surrendering_possessionPThe Manner is the manner in which the Surrenderer gives the Theme to the Recipient .
Take_place_ofPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). The rapidity of replacement is also indicated as Manner .
TakingPThe Manner of the taking.
Taking_sidesPAny description of the Taking_sides which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of the Capitulator that affect the action (reluctantly, meekly).
TastingPA characterization of the Agent as they try the Food .
TellingPThe Manner describes the way in which the Speaker delivers the Message .
Temporary_stayPAny description of the type of event by comparison to other events ( the same way ) or by characterizing a state of the Guest that affects the action.
TerrorismPThe Manner in which the Terrorist commits the Act .
Text_creationPManner of performing an action. This frame includes some peculiar examples of manner phrases. Write it in pen . Write it in ink .
Text_scenarioPThis FE marks expressions in which Manner the Topic is treated.
TheftPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the theft occurs.
ThwartingPThe Manner in which the Preventing_cause thwarts the Action of the Protagonist .
ToleratingPManner of performing an action
TopicPThis FE marks expressions in which Manner the Topic is treated.
TouringPAny description of the details of the event in terms of how they compare to other events ( the same way ) or in terms of how the state of the Tourist affects them ( happily, obliviously ).
TransferPAny description of the transfer which is not covered by more specific FEs
Transitive_actionPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
TranslatingPAny description of the translation event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may indicate salient characteristics of the Cognizer that also affect the action (deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
TravelPThe Manner in which the traveling takes place.
TraversingPAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
TrialEThe way in which the Trial is conducted.
TrustPA description of an aspect of the Cognizer that also affects the nature of the trusting, or a general comparison of the state-of-affairs to others.
Try_defendantPThe Manner of the trial of the Defendant .
Trying_outPA description of how the Evaluator acts in having the Experience .
Undergo_changePAny description of the Change event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
UndergoingPAny description of the event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly) and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
UndressingPAny description of the clothing removal which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of a Wearer that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Use_firearmPThis FE identifies the manner in which an Agent uses the Firearm .
Use_vehiclePThe Manner describes a property of the motion not related to its trajectory.
UsingPAny description of the intentional act which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). In addition, it may indicate salient characteristics of an Agent that also affect the action ( deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
VerdictPThis FE identifies the Manner in which the Judge acts.
VerificationPAny description of the verification which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification ( probably, presumably, mysteriously ), force ( hard, softly ), secondary effects ( quietly, loudly ), and general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ). It may also indicate salient characteristics of an Inspector that also affect the action ( presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully ).
Visit_host_arrivalPA Manner expression describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Visit_host_departurePAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and many other things count as Manner expressions, though Speed and Means should be tagged using the more specific FE labels.
Visit_host_stayPAny overall description of the details of the visit, either in terms of how it matches other events ( the same way ) or in terms of states of the Visitor that affect the action.
VisitingPAny overall description of the details of the visit, either in terms of how it matches other events ( the same way ) or in terms of states of the Agent that affect the action.
Visiting_scenario_arrivalPA Manner expression describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Visiting_scenario_departingPAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and many other things count as Manner expressions, though Speed and Means should be tagged using the more specific FE labels.
Visiting_scenario_stayPAny overall description of the details of the visit, either in terms of how it matches other events ( the same way ) or in terms of states of the Agent that affect the action.
Visitor_arrivalPA Manner expression describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion. Descriptions of speed, steadiness, grace, means of motion, and other things count as Manner expressions.
Visitor_departurePAny expression which describes a property of motion which is not directly related to the trajectory of motion expresses the frame element Manner . Descriptions of steadiness, grace, and many other things count as Manner expressions, though Speed and Means should be tagged using the more specific FE labels.
VocalizationsPCertain properties of the sound relating to its production, loudness, etc may be of lexicographic interest if they describe properties of a sounds as such: loudly, shrilly, etc.
VolubilityPManner in which the speaker is reticent or voluble.
WaitingPAny description of the waiting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events ( the same way ) and salient characteristics of the Protagonist that also affect the action ( patiently , anxiously ).
Waking_upPThe Manner in which the Sleeper awakens.
Waver_between_optionsPAny description of the selecting event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including general descriptions comparing events (the same way) and salient characteristics of the Cognizer that also affect the action.
WearingPA characterization of the impression given by the Wearer 's clothing status.
Wholes_and_partsPAny description of the inclusion event which is not covered by more specific FEs, including secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way).
Win_prizePAny description of the Competitor which is not covered by more specific FEs, including epistemic modification (probably, presumably, mysteriously), secondary effects (quietly, loudly), and general descriptions comparing events (the same way). It may also indicate salient characteristics of a Competitor that also affect their action (presumptuously, coldly, deliberately, eagerly, carefully).
Withdraw_from_participationPA description of the attitude of the Participant which also affects the character of the withdrawal.
Working_onPThe Manner in which the Agent puts in effort in acheiving the Goal .