Tandem Prepositions

(Under Development)


This category is for senses that establish some sort of relationship between the complement and the point of attachment (governor) or the complement and another sentence element, but do not fall into some more specific category. The category is called “tandem” because a relationship is established, via the prepositional phrase, between two things. Many different kinds of relationships are denoted by prepositions in this category, but in general they have less to do with the preposition in question, and more to do with the governor which accepts only that preposition. This set of senses is discussed in various places in Quirk et al. The subcategories describe the major types of relationships, identifying the nature of the complements, the contribution of the preposition, and something about the governor. (See Preposition Classes for how this class relates to other classes. For the supersenses (unlexicalized categores for prepositions), see PrepWiki; the PDEP database is being kept synchronized with this project, as they are assigned to TPP senses.)

Category Types

Since Tandem prepositions establish some sort of relationship between two entities, the initial subcategorization will be based on grouping those which establish similar relationsm including:

Selection Criteria

References

  1. Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G., and Svartik, J. 1985. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Longman: New York.

Comments to: Ken Litkowski  Modified: December 31 2016 13:56:41.
PDEP Tandem Class (72 senses)
PrepositionSenseSubclassSrtypeSupersenseClassedCountPctNF
\'gainst1(1)OpponentOpponentYes0100.00.19
\'gainst2(1a)OpponentLegalActionBeneficiaryYes1100.00.19
\'gainst3(1b)OpponentContestantCo-AgentYes0100.00.19
\'gainst5(2a)OpponentThingDominatingYes0100.00.19
\'gainst6(2b)OpponentThingResistedYes0100.00.19
\'gainst7(2c)FulfillmentCollateralYes0100.00.19
\'mongst3(3)CoParticipantsParticipantsLocusYes1100.00.19
\'mongst4(4)CoParticipantsCoparticipantsYes0100.00.19
against1(1)OpponentOpponentYes100100.02143.56
against2(1a)OpponentLegalActionBeneficiaryYes43100.0921.73
against3(1b)OpponentContestantCo-AgentYes19100.0407.28
against5(2a)OpponentThingDominatingYes3100.064.31
against6(2b)OpponentThingResistedYes26100.0557.32
against7(2c)FulfillmentCollateralYes5100.0107.18
agin1(1)OpponentOpponentYes0100.00.19
agin2(1a)OpponentLegalActionBeneficiaryYes0100.00.19
agin3(1b)OpponentContestantCo-AgentYes0100.00.19
agin5(2a)OpponentThingDominatingYes0100.00.19
agin6(2b)OpponentThingResistedYes0100.00.19
agin7(2c)FulfillmentCollateralYes0100.00.19
along with1(1)CoParticipantsAccompanierAccompanierYes221100.0382.39
alongside2(1a)CoParticipantsCoParticipantYes105100.0122.08
among3(3)CoParticipantsParticipantsLocusYes107100.01256.04
among4(4)CoParticipantsCoparticipantsYes20100.0234.77
anti1(1)OpponentOpponentYes0100.00.19
athwart2(2)OpponentContraindicatorYes0100.00.19
between4(4)CoParticipantsCoparticipantsCo-Agent,Co-ThemeYes69100.03013.65
between5(4a)OpponentAntagonistsCo-Agent,Co-Theme,Co-PatientYes52100.02271.16
between8(5)CoParticipantsPartiesJoinedYes10100.0436.76
between9(5a)CoParticipantsPartiesJoinedYes10100.0436.76
betwixt4(4)CoParticipantsCoparticipantsCo-Agent,Co-Theme,Co-PatientYes4100.00.74
betwixt5(4a)OpponentAntagonistsCo-Agent,Co-Theme,Co-PatientYes0100.00.19
betwixt8(5)CoParticipantsPartiesJoinedYes1100.00.19
betwixt9(5a)CoParticipantsPartiesJoinedYes0100.00.19
cum1(1)CoParticipantsDualRoleYes0100.00.19
down6(n)Fulfillment:EndStateEndStateYes7100.010.21
for9(8)FulfillmentThingExchangedCo-Theme,ThemeYes15100.02384.74
in bed with1(1)CoParticipantsPartyCopulatingYes14100.02.60
in bed with2(1a)CoParticipantsPartyDisfavoredYes2100.00.37
in company with1(1)CoParticipantsAccompanierYes55100.010.20
in consideration of1(1)FulfillmentThingExchangedYes39100.07.23
in need of1(1)FulfillmentThingNeededStateYes250100.071.97
in peril of1(1)Fulfillment:EndStateThreatYes2100.00.37
into6(6)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionResultingEndStateYes121100.03186.06
into7(7)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionResultingEndStateYes88100.02317.14
near3(3)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionApproachedStateYes4100.021.35
near to3(3)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionApproachedYes62100.016.38
nigh3(3)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionApproachedYes5100.00.93
o\'12(6a)FulfillmentObjectOfGovernorYes0100.00.00
o\'er6(2b)FulfillmentThingControlledPatientYes6100.00.03
of12(6a)FulfillmentObjectOfGovernorPatient,ThemeYes80100.019785.91
on pain of1(1)Fulfillment:EndStatePenaltyYes43100.07.98
on top of3(2)FulfillmentThingMasteredYes22100.010.28
opposite2(2)CoParticipantsCostarYes20100.04.48
over6(2b)FulfillmentThingControlledPatientYes78100.01007.41
plus2(1a)CoParticipantsThingAdditionalAccompanierYes157100.0294.02
thwart2(2)OpponentContraindicatorYes0100.00.19
to10(4a)FulfillmentAspectYes81100.010577.59
to5(2)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionEndState,StateYes28100.03656.45
to6(2a)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionResultingEndStateYes52100.06790.55
to7(2b)Fulfillment:EndStateReactionEndStateYes2100.0261.17
to9(4)CoParticipantsCoParticipantCo-Theme,ProfessionalAspectYes7100.0914.11
together with1(1)CoParticipantsAccompanierAccompanierYes225100.0561.10
under pain of1(1)Fulfillment:EndStatePenaltyYes4100.00.74
under sentence of1(1)Fulfillment:EndStatePenaltyYes15100.02.78
unto4(n)Fulfillment:EndStateEndStateYes20100.03.71
unto5(n)Fulfillment:EndStateConditionResultingYes1100.00.19
unto6(n)CoParticipantsCoParticipantYes1100.00.19
unto7(n)FulfillmentAspectYes1100.00.19
versus1(1)OpponentContestantYes81100.038.22
with1(1)CoParticipantsAccompanierAccompanier,Co-ParticipantYes132100.010435.08
with6(4)OpponentOpponentCo-AgentYes17100.01343.91
Total      76085.36